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Traumatic brain injury (TBI) is a head injury that is medically defined as a non-degenerative, non-congenital injury to the brain. The trauma is caused by an external force applied to the head, which may lead to permanent or temporary cognitive, physical, or psychosocial impairment. TBI can also result in a diminished or altered state of consciousness.
TBIs require serious medical evaluations and treatments, and the cost can easily exceed hundreds of thousands of dollars in current and future medical care and lost wages.
The highest risk groups for TBI are children, young adults, adults aged 60 and older, and males in any age group. If TBI was the result of someone else’s negligence, then you have a legal right to compensation. If you or someone you love has sustained TBI over the last two years, then you have the right to file for damages against the party at fault as per California Code of Civil Procedure section 335.1. A skilled brain injury lawyer from Mesriani Law Group has extensive experience in helping families obtain justice in such circumstances.
Types of Traumatic Brain Injury
Traumatic brain injuries can refer to various types of brain injury. These injuries affect different parts of the brain and differ from one another due to numerous factors. These factors include where and how the force was applied to the head, how strong the force was, how the brain moved or reacted, and whether or not the brain hit or shook inside one’s skull. The following are the different types of brain injury a person can acquire:
A concussion is the most common type of brain injury. It is usually caused by a sudden blow to the head, which consequently causes the brain to accelerate quickly in the direction of the applied force causing it to shake. These can range from mild to severe concussions.
Brain contusions, or bruises, are similar to concussions; and often occur in conjunction with them. If a brain contusion does not stop bleeding on its own, it may need to be surgically removed. The extent of damage associated with a brain contusion depends on the size of the bleed, the length of time it lasts, the effects of surgery, and the location of the injury.
Coup-contrecoup Brain Injury
A coup-contrecoup brain injury occurs after a significant impact to the brain that causes the brain or skull to slam into the opposite side of the site of impact. The result is damage at the impact site, as well as on the opposite side of the brain. Incidents that can cause coup-contrecoup brain injuries are often violent, producing immediate symptoms. Serious car accidents, direct injuries to the head, forceful falls, and acts of violence are particularly common causes of these types of injuries.
Diffuse Axonal Injury (Dai)
A diffuse axonal injury (DAI) results from the brain moving so violently that the brain stem cannot keep up and causes tears in the connections of the brain. These tears can be microscopic or large enough to be fatal. The severity of symptoms depends on the brain areas affected, the size of the tears, and whether any other injuries—such as a contusion or concussion—were also sustained.
Second Impact Syndrome
Sometimes called a recurrent traumatic brain injury, second impact syndrome is an injury to the brain that occurs while still recovering from a TBI. A second impact is more likely to cause severe brain damage than a first. The severity depends on the location of the injury, the intensity of the first injury, and the degree of trauma sustained.
A penetrating injury occurs when an object penetrates the skull and brain. These injuries cause severe bleeding, blood clots, disrupted oxygen supply to various brain regions, and may be fatal. People who survive penetrating injuries may need repeated brain surgeries, high doses of antibiotics, and an assortment of therapies designed to restore brain function. Ultimately, the degree of disability and the prognosis depend on the location of the injury, its severity, whether there was a brain bleed, and similar factors.
Traumatic Brain Injury Symptoms
As stated above TBI can have wide-ranging physical, social, and psychological effects. Signs and symptoms vary based on the severity of the injury and may not all appear at once. Many patients experience brain injury symptoms throughout several weeks. The signs and symptoms of a mild TBI may include:
- Loss of consciousness at the time of injury or no loss of consciousness but a loss of orientation and confusion
- Nausea or vomiting
- Fatigue or drowsiness
- Problems with speech, such as slurring
- Agitated or combative behavior
- Blurred vision
- Ringing in the ears
- A persistent bad taste in the mouth
- Changes in the ability to or sense of smell
- Sensitivity to light or sound
Moderate to severe TBI may include any of the signs and symptoms of mild injury, as well as the following:
- Persistent headache that worsens and interferes with daily activities
- Convulsions or seizures
- Dilation of one or both pupils of the eyes
- Clear fluid draining from the nose or ears
- Weakness or numbness in the extremities
- Loss of coordination
Infants and young children with brain injuries might not be able to communicate their symptoms. You may observe changes in their eating or nursing habits, persistent crying and inability be consoled, change in his or her ability to focus, change in sleep habits, and seizures.
What to Do if You Suspect a Traumatic Brain Injury:
If you have been treated by medical professionals for a TBI and suspect that your injury was due to someone else’s negligence, you may be entitled to claim damages. Your medical and health care is the priority, and no claims can be filed until you have received adequate medical treatment.
However, knowing that you have the right to seek damages is not the same as automatically obtaining compensation for property damage, bodily injury, and other losses. Insurance companies and large defense law firms have years of experience in fighting claims. You are best represented when you find your expert brain injury attorney from the Mesriani Law Group in Los Angeles. We have decades of experience and a proven history of obtaining the maximum compensation for our clients and have already obtained hundreds of millions in cash settlements and damages.