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What Does the Equal Employment Opportunity Commission (EEOC) Actually Do?

Workplace discrimination happens every day. Unfortunately, many victims don’t speak up for fear of losing their jobs. Other times, victims don’t know that there are laws in place that make workplace discrimination unlawful.

California employees should know that numerous employment laws (state and federal) protect them from discrimination at work.

EEOC is the government agency that enforces federal employment laws which makes it illegal for employers to discriminate against job applicants or employees based on certain protected characteristics. These federal laws make it unlawful for employers to discriminate against job applicants or employees based on race, national origin, color, religion, sex (including pregnancy status), age (40 and older), genetic information, or disability status.


Seven (7) Federal Laws Enforced by EEOC 

The following laws are enforced by the EEOC:

  • The Equal Pay Act of 1963
  • Title VII of the Civil Rights Act of 1964
  • The Age Discrimination in Employment Act of 1967
  • Sections 501 and 505 of the Rehabilitation Act of 1973
  • Title I of the Americans with Disabilities Act of 1990
  • Title II of the Genetic Information Non-discrimination Act of 2008
  • The Pregnancy Discrimination Act

While these are federal employment laws, the state of California has attentional state employment laws such as the California Fair Employment and Housing Act that further protect employees. California employees are provided numerous rights and can recover compensation if an employer has violated any of those rights.


Prohibited Employment Practices Under EEOC 

EEOC prohibits employment discrimination from both private and public employers (local or state government), labor organizations, and employment agencies.

Title VII of The Civil Rights Act of 1964 prohibits employment discrimination based on color, race, religion, national origin, or sex.  Title VII provides protection throughout the full range of employment decisions including recruitment, interviews, selections, terminations, or any other terms and conditions of employment.

The Equal Pay Act (EPA) of 1963 prohibits employers from paying men and women different wages who perform the same or substantially the same work at the same establishment.

The Age Discrimination in Employment Act (ADEA) prohibits age discrimination against individuals age 40 or older.

The Americans with Disabilities Act (ADA) prohibits employers from discriminating against job applicants or employees with an actual or perceived disability.

The Genetic Information Non-discrimination Act (GINA) prohibits discrimination based on genetic information or genetic hereditary disease. In California, it is also illegal for employers to test employees for certain genetic characteristics.

Title VII, GINA, and ADA cover employers with at least 15 employees while ADEA covers employers with at least 20.

It is unlawful for employers to discriminate or retaliate against an individual because that individual complained about discrimination, filed a discrimination complaint, or participated in a discrimination lawsuit or investigation.


Consult with our Federal Equal Employment Opportunity Commission Attorneys Today

If you’ve experienced any type of employment discrimination, you have the right to speak with an attorney. Our expert EEOC attorneys have years of experience and can get you the justice you deserve. We are confident that our experienced attorneys can obtain the maximum compensation for your case and offer a “no win, no fee” guarantee. Contact Mesriani Law Group today for your free legal consultation.





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