According to the U.S. Equal Employment Opportunity Commission (EEOC), retaliation is the most often alleged basis of discrimination at work. In California, an employer cannot terminate or retaliate against you for engaging in certain types of protected activities.
What is Workplace Retaliation?
Retaliation happens when an employer takes adverse action against an employee or job applicant for asserting their rights protected under the Equal Employment Opportunity (EEO) laws. Asserting one’s EEO rights is known as protected activity.
Protected Activity in California Workplaces
In California, your employer, supervisor, or coworker cannot retaliate against you for engaging in a protected activity. Under state law, employers may not engage in workplace retaliation against employees who participate or engaging the following activities:
- Report an unlawful activity
- Participate or file a discrimination lawsuit
- Complain or refuse to participate in employment discrimination or workplace harassment
- Request reasonable accommodations for a disability
- Request reasonable accommodations for a religious practice
- File a discrimination complaint with the EEOC
Signs of Workplace Retaliation
Some signs of workplace retaliation are pretty obvious. For example, your employer treats you in a discriminatory manner or takes an adverse employment action against you for reporting an unlawful activity. Other easy to spot signs of retaliation include:
- Termination or getting laid off
- Getting demoted
- Denial of a promotion
- Having your pay reduced or benefits terminated
- Getting unjustified negative performance reviews
But sometimes, workplace retaliation can be less obvious. More subtle signs of workplace retaliation include:
- Transfer of work location
- Exclusion from meetings, workplace activities, or social activities
- Hostile treatment
Examples of Workplace Retaliation
George works for a construction company and is one of their top-performing employees. One day, he noticed a safety violation and filed a workplace safety complaint. The next day, his employer terminated his employment.
In this case, George may be the victim of workplace retaliation because an adverse employment action (termination) was taken against him for engaging in a protected activity (reporting a safety violation).
How to Prove Workplace Retaliation
To prove that you were retaliated against, you must show that you were the subject of an adverse or negative job action because you filed a complaint. To prove workplace retaliation, you must prove the following:
- That you engaged in a protected activity
- That your employer, supervisor, or coworkers took an adverse action against you
- The reason that the adverse action was taken against you because you engaged in a protected activity
Not every negative action that your employer takes is considered retaliation. However, if the negative action was taken because of your engagement in a protected activity, it might be unlawful. If you’re unsure if you’ve been unfairly treated, speak with a workplace employment attorney immediately. An experienced attorney can help you understand if any of your employment rights have been violated and help explain your legal options.
Contact a Los Angeles Workplace Retaliation Attorney Today
If you have been a victim of workplace or coworker retaliation, you have the right to file a claim. A workplace harassment attorney in our Los Angeles office can help you get the justice you deserve. Contact Mesriani Law Group today for a legal consultation.